Monthly Archives: February 2019

Casting the Norns

The Norns are the Norse goddesses of fate. Urdh was the goddess of the past, or what has been. Verdhandi is the goddess of the present, what is. Skuld is the goddess of the future, or what shall be. Fate or wyrd was a very important factor in the psychology of the ancients.

A Norns cast is very simple, consisting of three runes, drawn one at a time from the rune pouch and laid in a row. If face down, flip them over as if turning the pages of a book.

The first rune represents the past of the situation in question. The second indicates the present, the path that the querier is currently on. The third suggests the future, a likely outcome if one continues on the present path. 

A short summary of the meanings and interpretations of each Rune stone can be found here. A nice tutorial on creating your own set of Rune Stones can be found at the Magickal Apothecary.

Source: Sunnyway

A Simple Runecasting Method

Find a suitable place to do the reading. You do not want to be disturbed. Try to sit facing North if possible, the direction of the Gods in Norse mythology. Place a small white cloth on the surface in front of you. You work with the runes on this cloth. This cloth protects them from getting dirty and also forms the boundary for the casting.

Carefully form a question in your mind. Take your time doing this, as it is very important that you do not change the question midway through the reading. Once you have the question firmly fixed in your mind begin to gently mix the runes in their bag or container. Continue to mix the runes until you feel compelled to take up a small handful.  

Cast them onto a white cloth, and see how the symbols land. Some will be face down – ignore them. If a rune is upright, it has a certain meaning. If a rune is upside down, it has a different meaning. The combination of the visible runes affects the interpretation. Sometimes the runes might “sing” to you and the answer to the question is instantly clear. Other times, not so much.

Runes are oracles, and oracles are often obscure. Each rune can mean many different things. It is up to the runecaster to decide how these meanings apply to the question at hand. You may get even deeper interpretations through your own “gut” reactions to the rune’s definition. However, don’t delude yourself in thinking that you have a completely different understanding of the cast than indicated by the traditional interpretations. Stick to the recognized interpretations, but learn to expand on their meanings through insight and meditation.

A short summary of the meanings and interpretations of each Rune stone can be found here. A nice tutorial on creating your own set of Rune Stones can be found at the Magickal Apothecary.

Source: Sunnyway

Rune Casting

Rune Stones usually come in a set of 24 ancient alphabetic symbols, along with a book of instructions defining the symbols. They can be made of different materials – wood or glass are the most common – and usually kept in a pouch or box.

There are many versions of the Runic alphabets. Each has variations in names, shapes, esoteric meanings and magical uses. One should not mix futharks, if you do, the intent or meaning becomes confused. The Elder Futhark, the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc, and the Younger (or Scandinavian) Futhark are the most frequently seen versions of the Runic alphabets in use today.

The Runes are broken into three sections or groups of eight, called aett (aettir, plural). This helps one to remember their order, and may have significance in magickal uses.

Ideally Runes are cast on an East-West axis or facing the sun. A white cloth is laid down and used to determine the direction of the casting. From here the focus should lie with the pressing question.

After casting the stones onto the cloth the ones which have fallen the right side up are read and depending upon whether the Rune is reversed or not will have a bearing on its meaning and the reading as a whole.

An alternative to casting the Rune stones …

Pick a Rune stone randomly for a day reading; you can also do what is known as a 3 Rune spread. Some feel that the day Rune is a good way to get an answer to a single question. The 3 Rune Spread is used for asking broader questions whereas the single Rune can be drawn on a daily basis.

  • Note: The “traditional meanings of Runes should not be regarded as absolute. They are helpful indications to layers of meaning – nothing more.

Runic divination, “runecasting”, is not “fortune telling”. Runecasting works deeply with the subconscious. The rune pouch with its runic symbols represents the entire universe. As one poses a question, one’s entire conscious and unconscious mind is focused toward that question, so that the runelots selected are not truly random selections, but rather choices made by the subconscious.

Runecraft operates on an ancient form of psychology. Even back in Viking times, there was a remarkable understanding of the human psyche. They recognized cause and effect, and the interconnectedness of all things. The word to describe this interconnectedness was “wyrd”, which was eventually perverted into the modern meaning of “weird”. It did not originally mean something unusual or strange. Rather, it referred to the far-reaching effects of that which one does.

The concept of “fate” was also not as we know it now. Instead of a helpless predestination, “fate” meant a destiny created by one’s earlier actions. Wyrd was pictured as a web, like that of a spider. The symbology is excellent. When the spider steps onto a thread (a path) the vibrations affect the entire web and that which is contained within the web, just as our actions affect our immediate world and those around us, and the actions of others affect our lives.

When one does a runic reading, one usually addresses a particular issue, and examines the past, the present and the “future”, or rather “what will be if one follows the path one appears to be on”. The future is always perceived as mutable, changeable. The runic reading is done as an evaluation process, not as fortunetelling. One has an opportunity to look at what has occurred in the past (regarding the issue being questioned), what is occurring right now, and what direction one is headed.

A runecaster does not see the future. He/she examines cause and effect and points out a likely outcome.

A short summary of the meanings and interpretations of each Rune stone can be found here. A nice tutorial on creating your own set of Rune Stones can be found at the Magickal Apothecary.


Rune Meanings ~ A Summary

Rune stones have been used for centuries as a tool for divination. They are based on an ancient alphabet. Each rune stone is inscribed with a symbol, and each symbol holds a special meaning. Each and every runic alphabet possesses a special kind of power and can be used to invoke deities who can help you in dealing with your problems.

You may use your own interpretations for the symbols, based on your studies and beliefs, or you may take the more traditional approach, which is going by the traditional meaning of each. Whichever way you may go about using the rune stones, it is still best to at least have some idea of their meanings.

A short summary of the meanings and interpretations of each Rune stone is shown below.

Uruz, Ur

Uruz, or Ur is the space out of which everything comes into being. It is the release of creative power that brings about sudden change. It is the power that precedes a new cycle of activity. It is helpful, therefore, where there is scope for new ideas, a fresh start, a change of circumstances, or an immediate boost in morale.

Have the courage to let go of things you no longer need. Then you will allow new possibilities to arise.

  • Key qualities: Limitless potential, infinite possibilities, sustained strength, renewal, release of energy, untamed power, sudden change.
  • Correspondences: Auroch, a wild ox. The High Priestess (Tarot), Taurus, Vanir, Dark Green, Birch Tree, Sphagnum Moss, Letter U

Physical strength and speed, untamed potential. A time of great energy and health. Freedom, energy, action, courage, strength, tenacity, understanding, wisdom. Sudden or unexpected changes (usually for the better). Sexual desire, masculine potency. The shaping of power and pattern, formulation of the self.

  • Reversed or Merkstave : Weakness, obsession, misdirected force, domination by others. Sickness, inconsistency, ignorance. Lust, brutality, rashness, callousness, violence.

Thurisaz, Thurs, Thurisa

Thurisaz, Thurs, or Thurisa is the clap of power that heralds new beginnings, and protection that comes from taking the initiative. It is helpful when it is necessary to break down barriers or clear a way through a confusing situation; incorporates the power of both attack and defense.

Cut away what hinders you, but take care to retain what is of permanent value. Don’t make hasty decisions or you may create more problems than you solve.

  • Key qualities: Awakening power, initiative, sharpness, aimed might, protective force.
  • Correspondences: Thorn or a Giant. The Emperor (Tarot), Mars, Thor, Bright Red, Oak Tree, House leek, Letter TH

Reactive force, directed force of destruction and defense, conflict. Instinctual will, vital eroticism, regenerative catalyst. A tendency toward change. Catharsis, purging, cleansing fire. Male sexuality, fertilization.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Danger, defenselessness, compulsion, betrayal, dullness. Evil, malice, hatred, torment, spite, lies. A bad man or woman. Rape?

Ansuz, Ass

Ansuz, or Ass is the creative and mental expression of the Spirit. It is useful for seeing beyond what is apparent and obtaining the help of the innermost Self. This adds a new dimension to any situation and brings in a coincidental quality which some people call “luck.”

Communicate with Nature in order to widen your horizons. Expect the unexpected.

  • Key qualities: Communication skills, creative thought, artistic inspiration, perceptive ability, application of knowledge.
  • Correspondences: Death (Tarot), Venus, Odin, Dark Blue, Ash Tree, Fly Agoric, Letter A

A revealing message or insight, communication. Signals, inspiration, enthusiasm, speech, true vision, power of words and naming. Blessings, the taking of advice. Good health, harmony, truth, wisdom.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Misunderstanding, delusion, manipulation by others, boredom. Vanity and grandiloquence. (Odin is a mighty, but duplicitous god. He always has his own agenda.)

Raido, Reid

Raido or Reid is ordered movement like the passage of the Sun. As it is a Rune that changes perspective, it is helpful when you need to find direction and see an overview of things.

Take control of your own life so that you govern its direction.Do not rely entirely on your own power, instead ask what constitutes right action.

  • Key qualities: Measurement, control and direction, balance and rhythm, cyclic development, balanced judgment.
  • Correspondences: Wagon or chariot. The Hierophant (Tarot), Sagittarius, Forseti, Bright Red, Oak Tree, Mugwort, Letter R

Travel, both in physical terms and those of lifestyle direction. A journey, vacation, relocation, evolution, change of place or setting. Seeing a larger perspective. Seeing the right move for you to make and deciding upon it. Personal rhythm, world rhythm, dance of life.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Crisis, rigidity, stasis, injustice, irrationality. Disruption, dislocation, demotion, delusion, possibly a death.

Kauno, Ken, Kano

Kauno, Ken, or Kano is the fire that comes from within to provide illumination. It can help to banish the darkness that surrounds what you may not understand so that whatever troubles you may be brought to light.

The more light you have, the better you can see what is trivial and outmoded in your own conditioning. Make sure that what you endeavor to do is rightly challenged at the outset so that you do not get “burned.”

  • Key qualities: Clarity of thought, analytical ability, constructive expression, enthusiasm, intensity.
  • Correspondences: Beacon or Torch. The Chariot (Tarot), Venus, Freya, Dwarves, Light Red, Pine Tree, Cowslip, Letter K

Vision, revelation, knowledge, creativity, inspiration, technical ability. Vital fire of life, harnessed power, fire of transformation and regeneration. Power to create your own reality, the power of light. Open to new strength, energy, and power now. Passion, sexual love.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Disease, breakup, instability, lack of creativity. Nakedness, exposure, loss of illusion and false hope.

Gebo, Gifu

Gebo or Gifu is the power of giving and receiving. It helps you to make the most effective use of time so that what is expended is returned in suitable reward.

Everything you receive requires something offered in return to preserve the balance of the Universe. Be prepared to accept the consequences of your actions.

  • Key qualities: Bonding and binding, compensation, fair exchange, respect of boundaries, generosity and compassion.
  • Correspondences: Gift. The Lovers (Tarot), Pisces, Odin, Freya, Deep Blue, Ash Tree, Elm Tree, Heartsease, Letter G

Gifts, both in the sense of sacrifice and of generosity, indicating balance. All matters in relation to exchanges, including contracts, personal relationships and partnerships.

  • Merkstave (Gebo cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Greed, loneliness, dependence, over-sacrifice. Obligation, toll, privation, bribery.

Wunjo, Wynja

Wunjo, or Wynja is right timing for the release of energy. Light pierces the clouds and touches the waters just as something lovely emerges from the depths.

Everything in life is a lesson for your ultimate perfection. Look beyond the obvious. Wunjo can help in ascertaining the best time to take appropriate action and thus reach a satisfactory conclusion.

  • Key qualities: Unconditional love, culmination, orgasm, happiness in fulfillment.
  • Correspondences: Joy. Strength (Tarot), Leo, Freyr, Elves, Yellow, Ash Tree, Flax, Letter W or V

Joy, comfort, pleasure. Fellowship, harmony, prosperity. Ecstasy, glory, spiritual reward, but also the possibility of going “over the top”. If restrained, the meaning is general success and recognition of worth.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Stultification, sorrow, strife, alienation. Delirium, intoxication, possession by higher forces, impractical enthusiasm. Raging frenzy, berzerker.

Hagalaz, Hgalz, Hagal

Hagalaz, Hagalz, or Hagal is the focusing and control of primal energies into a patterning code in order to provide a way for coming into physical existence. It is helpful for keeping your “cool” when being harassed; an aid for transforming hostile or adverse influences into beneficial results.

Accept the challenge of a seemingly adverse situation. Trust your innermost “Self” to see you through and turn it to your ultimate advantage.

  • Key qualities: Dramatic liberation, birthing, bridging, correction of imbalance, advantageous adversity.
  • Correspondences: Hail. The World (Tarot), Aquarius, Ymir, Light Blue, Yew Tree, Ash Tree, Lily of the Valley, Letter H

Wrath of nature, destructive, uncontrolled forces, especially the weather, or within the unconscious. Tempering, testing, trial. Controlled crisis, leading to completion, inner harmony.

  • Merkstave (Hagalaz cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Natural disaster, catastrophe. Stagnation, loss of power. Pain, loss, suffering, hardship, sickness, crisis.

Naudiz, Nauthiz, Naud

Naudiz, Nauthiz, or Naud is the power of coming into being under pressure and constraint. It is in the sudden rush of adrenaline that makes achievement possible under challenge. It is a great help in meditation for it can help you to recognize what is truly needed rather than what seems to be desirable.

You cannot effectively meet the needs of others until you first recognize your own needs and take action to satisfy them.

  • Key qualities: Necessary resistance, self-generated power, enduring strength, self-sufficiency.
  • Correspondences: Need. The Devil (Tarot), Capricorn, Nornir, Etins, Black, Beech Tree, Bistort, Letter N

Delays, restriction. Resistance leading to strength, innovation, need-fire (self-reliance). Distress, confusion, conflict, and the power of will to overcome them. Endurance, survival, determination. A time to exercise patience. Recognition of one’s fate. Major self-initiated change. Face your fears.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Constraint of freedom, distress, toil, drudgery, laxity. Necessity, extremity, want, deprivation, starvation, need, poverty, emotional hunger.

Isa, Iss

Isa or Iss is the power to maintain and preserve. Stability and the stillness of inertia. The concentration of single-minded purpose. When the pace of modern life causes concern, Isa can slow things down and enable you to focus on the real issues. It is an aid also to bringing your dreams into “solid” reality.

Just as winter does not last forever, neither does any situation in which you may find yourself. Have the courage to move forward. You need to do in order to know.

  • Key qualities: Contraction, cohesion, preservation, stability, inner strength, stillness, suspension, self-containment.
  • Correspondences: Ice. The Hermit (Tarot), Moon, Rime Thurses, Black, Alder Tree, Henbane, Letter I

A challenge or frustration. Psychological blocks to thought or activity, including grievances. Standstill, or a time to turn inward and wait for what is to come, or to seek clarity. This Rune reinforces Runes around it.

  • Merkstave (Isa cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Ego-mania, dullness, blindness, dissipation. Treachery, illusion, deceit, betrayal, guile, stealth, ambush, plots.

Jera, Jara

Jera or Jara is natural change, the process of organic development through orderly movement which cannot be hurried or forced because what is taking place on the “inside” must be in harmony with what is happening in the outside environment.

Be patient. You cannot harvest before everything is ready. Make the most of what you have now. It can also be helpful for gathering the benefits of past actions.

  • Key qualities: Gradual development, sequential timing, cultivation.
  • Correspondences: A year, a good harvest. The Fool (Tarot), Sun, Freyr, Light Blue, Oak Tree, Rosemary, Letter J or Y

The results of earlier efforts are realized. A time of peace and happiness, fruitful season. It can break through stagnancy. Hopes and expectations of peace and prosperity. The promise of success earned. Life cycle, cyclical pattern of the universe. Everything changes, in its own time.

  • Merkstave (Jera cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Sudden setback, reversals. A major change, repetition, bad timing, poverty, conflict.

Perth, Pertra, Perthro

Perth, Perthro, or Pertra is the process of cause and effect which manifests that which is hidden. It helps you to get to know yourself for what you are rather than what you are expected to be.

Don’t be afraid of change, but ensure that you are fully in contact with your physical body during any transformational experience.

  • Key qualities: Containment, vitality, durability, self-identity.
  • Correspondences: Lot cup, vagina. Wheel Of Fortune (Tarot), Saturn, Nornir, Black, Beech Tree, Aconite, Letter P

Uncertain meaning, a secret matter, a mystery, hidden things and occult abilities. Initiation, knowledge of one’s destiny, knowledge of future matters, determining the future or your path. Pertaining to things feminine, feminine mysteries including female fertility, and vagina. Good lot, fellowship and joy. Evolutionary change.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Addiction, stagnation, loneliness, malaise.

Ihwaz, Eoh, Eihwaz

Ihwaz, Eoh, or Eihwaz is the perpetuality that is inherent in transformation and development. It is helpful when you need enlightenment – perceiving how your ideals can be transformed into practical reality – and hope, which sees not an end but a continuity of existence.

Whatever it is you want to achieve, hesitate no longer. Get started and stay with it. This Rune can help you to reach for the stars!

  • Key qualities: Supportive energy, endurance, longevity, perseverance.
  • Correspondences: The Hanged Man (Tarot), Scorpio, Idhunna, Ullr, Dark Blue, Yew Tree, Mandrake, Letter EI

Strength, reliability, dependability, trustworthiness. Enlightenment, endurance. Defense, protection. The driving force to acquire, providing motivation and a sense of purpose. Indicates that you have set your sights on a reasonable target and can achieve your goals. An honest man who can be relied upon.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Confusion, destruction, dissatisfaction, weakness.


Algiz is grounding power. It can draw power from the spiritual Source and bring it into ordinary reality where it can be grounded into practicality. Defends us where we are vulnerable.

Be aware of your own vulnerability and the tendencies that allow you to become diverted from your chosen Path.

  • Key qualities: Instinctive and inspirational protection, ability to defend the aura and strengthen resolve, connectedness.
  • Correspondences: Elk, protection. The Moon (Tarot), Cancer, Valkyrjur, Gold, Yew Tree, Angelica, Letter Z

Protection, a shield. The protective urge to shelter oneself or others. Defense, warding off of evil, shield, guardian. Connection with the gods, awakening, higher life. It can be used to channel energies appropriately. Follow your instincts. Keep hold of success or maintain a position won or earned.

  • Reversed: or Merkstave: Hidden danger, consumption by divine forces, loss of divine link. Taboo, warning, turning away, that which repels.

Sowilo, Sowelu, Sol

Sowilo, Sowelu, or Sol is illumination and hope. Illumination to see things as they are, and hope to perceive them as they can be. Brings things into the light so they can be seen for what they are. Provides knowledge and strength in times of trouble.

Be as generous as the Sun! Open yourself up and let the light into a part of your life that has been secret, shut away.

  • Key qualities: Radiance, activation, zest, enlightenment, rejuvenation.
  • Correspondences: The Sun (Tarot), Sun, Sol, White, Silver, Juniper Tree, Mistletoe, Letter S

Success, goals achieved, honor. The life-force, health. A time when power will be available to you for positive changes in your life, victory, health, and success. Contact between the higher self and the unconscious. Wholeness, power, elemental force, sword of flame, cleansing fire.

  • Merkstave (Sowilo cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): False goals, bad counsel, false success, gullibility, loss of goals. Destruction, retribution, justice, casting down of vanity. Wrath of god.

Tiwaz, Teiwaz, Tyr

Tiwaz, Teiwaz, or Tyr is the power of singleness of purpose, of clear direction. It is penetration and precision with consideration. Tiwaz provides courage in adversity or when facing a difficult situation. Helps to evaluate the price that must be paid to achieve and attain.

Have the courage to take responsibility for the consequences of your own choices. The urge for conquest is powerful here, especially self-conquest, which is a lifelong pursuit.

  • Key qualities: Determination, single-mindedness, fortitude, tenacity, fair play.
  • Correspondences: Justice (Tarot), Libra, Tyr, Mani, Bright Red, Oak Tree, Sage, Letter T

Honor, justice, leadership and authority. Analysis, rationality. Knowing where one’s true strengths lie. Willingness to self-sacrifice. Victory and success in any competition or in legal matters.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: One’s energy and creative flow are blocked. Mental paralysis, over-analysis, over-sacrifice, injustice, imbalance. Strife, war, conflict, failure in competition. Dwindling passion, difficulties in communication, and possibly separation.

Berkanan, Berkana, Bjarka

Berkanan, Berkana, Bjarka is nurturing maternal energy, related to the concept of Mother Earth who brings into being, feeds, nurtures, and protects. It is helpful for focusing on partnerships and close personal relationships, calming the mind when troubled, and nurturing new ideas.

Get close to Nature and the natural way of things. Modesty, firmness, and generosity are called for here.

  • Key qualities: Care and compassion, conservation, protectiveness, ability to form close relationships, blossoming, fruitfulness.
  • Correspondences: The Empress (Tarot), Virgo, Frigg, Nerthus, Hel, Dark Green, Birch Tree, Lady’s Mantle, Letter B

Birth, general fertility, both mental and physical and personal growth, liberation. Regenerative power and light of spring, renewal, promise of new beginnings, new growth. Arousal of desire. A love affair or new birth. The prospering of an enterprise or venture.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Family problems and or domestic troubles. Anxiety about someone close to you. Carelessness, abandon, loss of control. Blurring of consciousness, deceit, sterility, stagnation.

Ehwaz, Eh

Ehwaz or Eh is the power that makes communication possible at any and all levels. It is a carrier of knowledge and a bringer of “togetherness.” It attains harmony and balance, and strengthensbonds of friendship.

Keep your balance at all times. Find more fruitful ways to achieve what you set out to do. Prepare to share the good fortune that comes your way.

  • Key qualities: Balance and control, communicative skill, adjustment.
  • Correspondences: Horse, two horses. The Lovers (Tarot), Gemini, Freya, Freyr, Aclis, White, Oak Tree, Ash Tree, Ragwort, Letter E

Transportation. May represent a horse, car, plane, boat or other vehicle. Movement and change for the better. Gradual development and steady progress are indicated. Harmony, teamwork, trust, loyalty. An ideal marriage or partnership. Confirmation beyond doubt the meanings of the runes around it.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: This is not really a negative rune. A change is perhaps craved. Feeling restless or confined in a situation. Reckless haste, disharmony, mistrust, betrayal.

Mannaz, Madr

Mannaz or Madr is the power that strengthens your awareness as a co-creator with Nature and enables you to take control of your own life through self-knowledge. It is a striving for perfection. Awakens potential and identifies your special gifts.

Get to know yourself – the good, the bad and the indifferent – so you can become what you have the potential to be. Strive to live the ordinary life in an extraordinary way.

  • Key qualities: Motivation, cohesiveness, co-operative endeavor, kinship.
  • Correspondences: Man, mankind. The Magician (Tarot), Jupiter, Heimdall, Odin, Deep Red, Holly Tree, Madder, Letter M

The Self; the individual or the human race. Your attitude toward others and their attitudes towards you. Friends and enemies, social order. Intelligence, forethought, create, skill, ability. Divine structure, intelligence, awareness. Expect to receive some sort of aid or cooperation now.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Depression, mortality, blindness, self-delusion. Cunning, slyness, manipulation, craftiness, calculation. Expect no help now.

Laguz, Lagu

Laguz or Lagu is the primal water, a fluidic power that rises from the Well of the Unconscious and cleanses and refreshes as it flows through all layers of existence. It is the carrier of the Life-force.

Laguz helps you to understand your feelings and emotions. Listen to those feelings and learn from the message they have to convey.

  • Key qualities: Fluidic power, cyclic and rhythmic flow, sensitivity of experience.
  • Correspondences: Water or a leek. The Star (Tarot), Moon, Njord, Balder, Deep Green, Willow, Leek, Letter L

Flow, water, sea, a fertility source, the healing power of renewal. Life energy and organic growth. Imagination and psychic matters. Dreams, fantasies, mysteries, the unknown, the hidden, the deep, the underworld. Success in travel or acquisition, but with the possibility of loss.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: An indication of a period of confusion in your life. You may be making wrong decisions and poor judgments. Lack of creativity and feelings of being in a rut. Fear, circular motion, avoidance, withering. Madness, obsession, despair, perversity, sickness, suicide.

Ingwaz, Inguz, Ing

Ingwaz, Inguz, or Ing is the power that stores for the future. It is akin to the moon, the intuitive part of our nature. It brings access to another reality, and is helpful for exerting influence and strengthening persuasion.

Open up new areas of self-realization, accept your power – your own “medicine.” Do those things you were “made” for.

  • Key qualities: Gestation, regeneration, continuity, renewal.
  • Correspondences: Judgment (Tarot), New Moon, Ing, Freyr, Yellow, Apple Tree, Selfheal, Letter Ng

Male fertility, gestation, internal growth. Common virtues, common sense, simple strengths, family love, caring, human warmth, the home. Rest stage, a time of relief, of no anxiety. A time when all loose strings are tied and you are free to move in a new direction. Listen to yourself.

  • Merkstave (Ingwaz cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): Impotence, movement without change. Production, toil, labor, work.

Othila, Odal

Othila, or Odal implies the right of possession. It is the power of accomplishment. Useful for acquiring property or material goods; encourages practical organization.

Don’t be afraid to look back, for what has been earned in the past is the seed of future abundance.

  • Key qualities: Inborn talent, acquisition, accomplishment, security, law and order.
  • Correspondences: Ancestral property. The Moon (Tarot), Full Moon, Odin, Thor, Deep Yellow, Hawthorn Tree, Goldthread, Letter O

Inherited property or possessions, a house, a home. What is truly important to one. Group order, group prosperity. Land of birth, spiritual heritage, experience and fundamental values. Aid in spiritual and physical journeys. Source of safety, increase and abundance.

  • Reversed or Merkstave: Lack of customary order, totalitarianism, slavery, poverty, homelessness. Bad karma, prejudice, clannishness, provincialism. What a man is bound to.


Dagaz is the power that is in the Dawn and brings new light. It is the Rune of self-transformation and ecstatic conclusion. It brings about spiritual advancement, and recognition of new beginnings.

Don’t be afraid to bring things into the light. Awaken to your own true reality. Get in touch with your own Spirit. Become a good finisher as well as a keen starter.

  • Key qualities: Transformation, self-fulfillment, completion, one-ness.
  • Correspondences: Day or dawn. Temperance (Tarot), Half Moon, Odin, Ostara, Light Blue, Spruce Tree, Clary, Letter D

Breakthrough, awakening, awareness. Daylight clarity as opposed to nighttime uncertainty. A time to plan or embark upon an enterprise. The power of change directed by your own will, transformation. Hope/happiness, the ideal. Security and certainty. Growth and release. Balance point, the place where opposites meet.

  • Merkstave (Dagaz cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition): A completion, ending, limit, coming full circle. Blindness, hopelessness.

Fehu, Feh

Fehu or Feh synthesizes the process of birth, life, death and rebirth. It is fulfillment. It is useful for ascertaining the true cose of any endeavor.

Recognize your true wealth. Be sure what it is you want out of life. Draw down the power of the Sun, the Moon, and the Stars into your own personal universe.

  • Key qualities: Culmination, exchange and distribution, generated wealth.
  • Correspondences: Domestic cattle, wealth. The Tower (Tarot), Aries, Aesir, Light Red, Elder Tree, Nettle, Letter F

Possessions won or earned, earned income, luck. Abundance, financial strength in the present or near future. Sign of hope and plenty, success and happiness. Social success. Energy, foresight, fertility, creation/destruction (becoming).

Reversed: Loss of personal property, esteem, or something that you put in effort to keep. It indicates some sort of failure. Greed, burnout, atrophy, discord. Cowardice, stupidity, dullness, poverty, slavery, bondage.

Odin, Blank

The blank Rune, or the Odin Rune represents a power that exists outside the organic process of orderly arrangement. Selecting this Rune is an indication to expect the unexpected, and a confirmation that self-change is working in your life.

This Rune is a newer addition to Rune divination, and is not always included in or accepted by every Runic tradition.


Divination By Flowers

Since ancient times, flowers have been associated with magical and Divine properties. Their appearance and the messages they can bring us make them the perfect tool for fortune telling and magical enchantment.

Flower Divination is also known as:

  • Anthomancy
  • Floromancy
  • Floriography

One of the most popular uses for Floromancy is for love divination. In Victorian England, two flowers that had not yet blossomed would be paired, and the initials of certain lovers’ names would be placed on the stems. After placing the flowers in a secret place for 10 days, the diviner would then observe certain portents, such as, if any flower twined the other, it would indicate that the man and the woman whose initials were used were going to be married.

Another common form of Floromancy, which is very popular among young people, requires the querent to pull off the petals of flowers while making the statements such as “he/she loves” and “he/she loves me not.” The statement uttered when the last petal is pulled is supposed to be true. The “luck” attributed to finding a four-leaf clover also falls into this category.

Finding the first flower of spring also has relevance in Floromancy. The type of flower and the day of the week it is found are significant for an appropriate prognostication.

  • Monday, ~ means good fortune for the rest of the season.
  • Tuesday ~ greatest efforts will be rewarded.
  • Wednesday ~ a marriage is coming.
  • Thursday ~ alertness, caution and vigilance are required throughout the season.
  • Friday ~ riches and wealth are forthcoming.
  • Saturday ~ misfortune is around the corner.
  • Sunday ~ a sign of exceptional luck for the duration of the spring.

If the flower is a wild flower, someone with the same initial as the flower found will be attracted to you.

For example: If you find a daisy, it means someone whose name starts with a D will be attracted to you, if the flower is a Lily, someone whose name starts with a L will find you attractive.

To attract love into your life, a thorn from a white rose bush is very helpful, but only if you use it to scratch the words ‘All my love come to me’ three times on a white candle and then light it.

Take a question to your garden and randomly pick a petal off a pansy, without looking at it. When you examine your petal, the following information may be divined…

  • If the petal has four lines in it, it is a sign of hope.
  • Five lines coming from the center branch is hope founded in fear.
  • Thick lines bent to the right means prosperity.
  • Thick lines bent to the left mean trouble ahead.
  • Seven streaks is consistent love.
  • Eight streaks means fickleness in either you or those around you.
  • Nine, a changing heart.

Ancient Anglo-Saxon folklore says that if you offered an expectant mother the choice between a rose and a lily, the outcome would be as follows:

  • If she chose a rose, the baby would be a girl.
  • If she chose the lily, the baby would be a boy.

On the other hand, the Victorians believed that if the pregnant woman went into the garden, closed her eyes, and spun around to pick a flower, the hue of the flower would tell her the sex of the baby. If it was a dark color, it was a boy, and a light color indicated a girl.

In Korea, carnations were used by girls to tell their future. A girl would place a cluster of three blossoms in her hair. If the top one died first, the girl’s last years would be difficult. If the middle one died first, her earlier years would be hard. And if the bottom one died first her entire life would be miserable. 

In the East, a young woman would place a poppy petal in her lover’s hand to see if he had been true to her. Hitting the petal with the side of her hand, she listened for the sound it would make. Silence indicated he had been unfaithful.

Sending Flowers

Note: the magickal meanings and uses for specific flowers might be quite different from the meanings of flowers sent to a lover or friend.

Modern flower folklore gives meaning to the flowers you send to your chosen one on Valentine’s day.

  • Anemones ~ mean your love is coming to an end.
  • Forget-me-nots ~ a sign of true love and constancy.
  • Snowdrops ~ hope for love.
  • Sunflowers ~ warm feelings.
  • Red Tulips ~ a declaration of powerful love.
  • Red Roses ~ a sign of passion.
  • Yellow Roses ~ friendship.
  • Pink Roses ~ appreciation and admiration.

If you are interested in the meanings of various flowers, you might want to explore the Language of Flowers. Here is a link to help you get started with that: Dictionary of the Language of Flowers.

Flower Symbolism in Dreams

The appearance of certain flowers in a dream was considered an omen of things to come.

  • To dream of white flowers foretells death.
  • Dreams of jasmine and lilies are good omens.
  • Misfortune comes when you dream of dandelions or withered roses
  • Dreams of marigolds denote riches.
  • Roses, of course, indicate success in love.
  • If you dream of being picked by briars, it means you have an ardent desire, and the young in love often dream of being pricked by a thorn while trying to pick a rose.
  • Dreaming of flowers out of season is bad luck.
  • Dreams of plants currently blooming are good luck.
  • Yellow flowers can mean love mixed with jealousy or that you will have more children to maintain than what justly belong to you.

Your Lucky Flower

It is also believed that wearing the blossom associated with your month of birth would bring exceptionally good luck.

  • January – snowdrop, or carnation
  • February – violet, or primrose
  • March – daffodil, or jonquil
  • April – primrose, daisy, or sweet pea
  • May – white lily, lily of the valley, or hawthorn
  • June – wild rose, rose, or honeysuckle
  • July – carnation, larkspur, or waterlily.
  • August – white heather, gladiolus, or poppy
  • September – Michaelmas daisy, aster, or morning glory
  • October – rosemary, calendula, or cosmos
  • November – chrysanthemum
  • December – ivy, narcissus, or holly

Flower psychometry

Did you know that flowers could speak? They may not have a voice-box, but they can bring you messages just the same. You probably already have a favorite type of flower. What flower would you buy for yourself if money were no object? Flowers have a type of personality don’t they? Daisies are full of innocence, white orchids are exotic and sensual, bright yellow tulips are just fun.

Make a list of all of your favorite flowers. What are they telling you just by looking at them? Are they who you are, or who you want to be?

Next select a flower. Hold it in your hands and close your eyes. Merge your soul with the energy of the flower and write down what you feel. Spend a few minutes just relaxing and holding the flower; touch it, stroke it, sense it. When you are ready, make a few notes. What is the flower telling you?

There are no right or wrong answers, it’s just a learning experience. Practice until you feel comfortable with the experience. Have a go with friends and then compare notes afterwards. Maybe you could read for each other.


Copal Fire And Smoke Divination

Copal is popular in magical, healing and spiritual uses. It makes a great meditation incense and increases psychic insight. Inhaling its aroma is said to enhance the powers of clairvoyance. It is also used to provide systematic oracles.

A means of divination by copal fire is as follows:

  • With your left hand, toss corn kernels into a fire.
  • With your right hand, toss copal into the fire.
  • Observe and analyze the meaning of the resulting smoke and flames.

Source: Element Encyclopedia of 5000 Spells

Copal and Water Divination

Copal is popular in magical, healing and spiritual uses. It makes a great meditation incense and increases psychic insight. Inhaling its aroma is said to enhance the powers of clairvoyance. It is also used to provide systematic oracles.

From Mexico, we get the following method of copal divination:

  • Meditate on your question as you burn copal incense.
  • Toss small pieces or balls of copal into a pot or bowl of water.

If the copal floats in the water, your answer is affirmative. If the balls sink, the response is negative. The likelihood of success is indicated by whether more or fewer bits of copal float.

Source: The Element Encyclopedia of 5000 Spells

Copal and Corn Divination

Copal is popular in magickal, healing and spiritual uses. It makes a great meditation incense and increases psychic insight. Inhaling its aroma is said to enhance the powers of clairvoyance. It is also used to provide systematic oracles.

Here is a method of divination by copal that comes from Guatemala:

  • Meditate on your question as you burn the copal incense.
  • Pass 14 kernels of corn through the smoke of the incense.
  • Toss the corn on the ground, then read and analyze the patterns made.

Source: Element Encyclopeida of 5000 Spells

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