There’s a lot that can be inferred from looking at someone’s eyes. After all, they are the windows to the soul. But when it comes to animals, you can learn a lot more about them than just their personality.
These animals all have unique, highly specialized eyes. Can you guess which animal each belongs to without reading the caption?
Cats can see 8 times better than humans.
Because geckos are nocturnal, their eyes are more light-sensitive, with the pupils constricting when they hit light.
A crocodile’s eyes can adapt to twilight or nighttime.
Penguins have eyes that allow them to see better underwater.
Chameleons can rotate their eyes 360 degrees independently of one another!
A python’s eye is mesmerizing.
A tokay gecko has transparent eyelids.
This tomato frog has many different types of optic nerves.
Marine mammals, like this whale, have limited vision because of the way the water refracts light.
Owls cannot easily see from close distances, but they are excellent from farther away, particularly in low light.
The octopus has binocular vision.
Just like humans, chimpanzees have binocular vision.
Lemurs have such excellent night vision that they can still make out colors in almost complete darkness.
Macaws see everything in ultraviolet vision.
A chinchilla has truly striking eyes. It looks like a landscape!
A crow’s eyes almost look like they’re frosted over. Chilling.
Parrots’ ultraviolet vision allow them to see the maturation of fruits.
Unlike other birds, the athene noctua owl is able to blink one eye and turn its head three-quarters of its total rotation.
This hippo’s eye is adapted for nighttime.
Found at Honest To Paws
From Leaf and Clay, we have this great little tutorial on how to make succulent propagation mandalas.
If you’ve ever propagated a succulent from a leaf, you know it’s a lengthy process. We’re talking months and months. Since I’m not the most patient person in the world I decided to make the most of it by making succulent propagation mandalas. Basically arranging the leaves in a pattern that then becomes living art. I’m excited to share some tips and tricks and hope this will inspire you to create your own!
What you’ll need:
- Succulent leaves
- Something to propagate on: a tray, bowl, serving platter, pie dish, basically anything large and sturdy enough to hold the soil and leaves.
- Spray bottle or watering can
Step 1: Getting Leaves For Your Propagation Mandalas
If you’re unfamiliar with how to remove succulent leaves it’s fairly simple. Gently twist the leaf back and forth and it should snap right off. Just be sure to remove the leaf in its entirety, if it tears or a portion remains on the stem it won’t root. (If you have plants that have become “leggy” this is the perfect time to remove those bottom leaves!) After removing the leaves you need to give them a few days to dry out. Putting them directly on the soil without allowing the ends to callous over can cause them to rot instead of root. I typically wait about 2-3 days.
Step 2: Picking A Propagation Mandala Tray
Have you ever gone to a nursery and bought a handful of plants and been given a plastic tray to carry them on? Save them! This is the perfect opportunity to reuse them! These are great because they allow the water to drain and they’re deep enough for the roots to grow. If you have access to the trays that’s great, if not just look around the kitchen, you’re sure to find something in there that will work! Possible items to use include trays, bowls, serving platters, pie dishes, or basically anything large and sturdy enough to hold the soil and leaves.
Step 3: Filling Your Tray With Soil
I typically use E.B. Stone Naturals Cactus Mix, however, I have also used regular potting soil. Cactus soil retains less moisture which is ideal for potted succulents. When you’re propagating you won’t be doing heavy watering so it’s not as important. You’ll want at least an inch or two of soil. If you have a nursery tray put down a few layers of newspaper to prevent the soil from falling out.
Step 4: Arrange Your Propagation Mandala
Now the fun part! I like to quickly sort my leaves by color and/or size. This makes it easier to create the mandala. Arrange your leaves in a circular and symmetrical manner. The possibilities are endless, just let your creativity flow! Take a look at some of my designs below to get some inspiration.
Step 5: Water Your Propagation Mandala
The simplest way to water is with a spray bottle. Unlike fully grown succulents, your leaves will need to be watered on an almost daily basis. Just give the leaves a nice spritz. Be sure you don’t soak the soil, especially if you are propagating on something that doesn’t have drainage. I use a watering can because I keep my trays outside and it’s much easier because I have so many! Never water unless the soil has completely dried from the previous watering.
Step 6: Hurry Up And Wait
Finally, sit back and enjoy your propagation mandala! It can take months for your leaves to produce pups; at least you have something pretty to look at while you wait.
- Place the completed mandala where it can get plenty of indirect sunlight.
- If you don’t see much progress at first, be patient. Some leaves will sprout within a week, others can take up to a month or longer.
- Know when to toss a leaf. If it begins to look transparent, feels mushy, or shrivels and dries out, toss it. Be prepared for some loss. Not all the leaves will make it but if you’re doing things right, you should only lose a few.
- This is a really fun activity to involve kids in! A pie tin is the perfect size for a child to create a mandala of their own.
- Spring/Summer is the best time to propagate!
- It can also be fun to incorporate different elements. I’ve used seashells, crystals and heart shaped rocks in my mandalas.