In the old days, herbalists and midwives didn’t use textbook botanical names for herbs. Medicinal and magickal plants had colorful descriptive names. Often, old books about magick and herbal healing use the folk names instead of the names commonly used today, and it can be confusing. So, here is an alphabetical listing of those names, along with the common and botanical names in current use. You’ll notice that some plants have a variety of names, and some names refer to a variety of plants.

A

  • A Hawk’s Heart: Heart of Wormwood Artemisia absinthium
  • A Lion’s Hairs: Tongue of a Turnip [i.e., the leaves of the taproot] Brassica napus
  • A Man’s Bile: Turnip Sap Brassica napus
  • A Pig’s Tail: Leopard’s Bane Arnica montana
  • A Titan’s Blood: Wild Lettuce Lactuca virosa
  • Aaron’s Rod: Goldenrod Solidago Virgaurea -or- Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • A Bone of an Ibis: Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica
  • Absinthe: Wormwood Artemisia Absinthium
  • Adder’s Fork: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Adder’s Mouth: Chickweed Stellaria Media
  • Adder’s Tongue: Dogstooth Violet Erythronium multiscapoideum
  • Aiten: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Aittin: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Alabahaca: Basil Ocimum basilicum
  • Alehoof: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Alick: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Alison Alyssum Alyssum spp
  • All Heal: Mistletoe Viscum Album
  • An Eagle: Wild Garlic Allium sativum
  • Angel Food: Angelica Angelica archangelica
  • Angel’s Trumpet: Jimsonweed / Datura Datura Stamonium
  • Anneys: Anise Pimpinella anisum
  • Apple of Carthage: Pomegranate Punica Granatum
  • Aquifolius: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Archangel: Angelica Angelica archangelica
  • Aromatic Cedar: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Artemis Herb: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Ashinder: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Ass’s Ear: Comfrey Symphytum Officinale -or- Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Ass’s Foot: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Auld Man’s Bells: Bluebells Scilla Nutans, Scilla non-scripta, Hyacinthoides non-scripta

B

  • Bad Man’s Oatmeal: Hemlock Conium Maculatum
  • Bad Man’s Plaything: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Baie: Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis
  • Bald money: Spignel Meum athamanticum
  • Balm: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Balsam: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Banal: Broom Cytisus scoparius
  • Bardana: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Bastard: False or White Dittany Dictamnus Albus
  • Bastard Killer: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Baton Rouge: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Bat’s Wings: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Bawme: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Beard of the Monk: Chicory Cichorium Intybus
  • Bearwort: Spignel / Bald Money Meum athamanticum
  • Bear’s Foot: Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla Vulgaris
  • Bear’s Grape: Poke Root Phytolacca decandra -or- Uva Ursa Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi
  • Bear’s Paw: Root Male Fern Dryopteris Felix-mas
  • Bear’s Weed; Yerba Santa Eryodictyon californicum
  • Bees’ Nest: Queen Anne’s Lace Daucus carota
  • Beggar’s Buttons: Burdock Arctium Lappa
  • Beggar’s Lice: Houndstongue Cynoglossum officinale
  • Beggary: Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
  • Benjamen: Benzoin Styrax benzoin
  • Bennet: Avens Geum urbanum
  • Birdlime: Mistletoe Viscum Album
  • Bird’s Eye: Germander -or- Speedwell Teucrium chamaedrys
  • Bird’s Foot: Fenugreek Trigonella Foenum-graecum
  • Bird’s Nest: Indian Pipe Monotropa Uniflora -or- Queen Anne’s Lace Daucus carota
  • Bishop’s Elder: Betony Stachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
  • Bishop’s Lace: Queen Anne’s Lace Daucus carota
  • Bishop’s Leaves: Water Figwort Scrophularia Aquatica
  • Bishop’s Wort: Betony Stachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
  • Bitter Grass: Ague Root Aletris Farinosa
  • Black Sampson: Echinacea Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea pallida, Echinacea angustifolia
  • Black Whortles: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Blazing Star: Ague Root Aletris Farinosa
  • Bleaberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Blind Eyes: Poppies Papaver Spp.and Somniferum
  • Blood: Elder sap (or another tree sap) Sambucus Nigra
  • Blood from a Head: Lupine Lupinus perennis, Lupinus polyphyllus
  • Blood from a Shoulder: Bear’s Breach Acanthus spinosus
  • Blood of Ares: Purslane Portulaca sativa
  • Blood of a Goose: Milk of the Mulberry Tree Morus nigra
  • Blood of a Snake: Hematite mineral form of Iron oxide (Fe2O3)
  • Blood of an Eye: Tamarisk Gall Tamarix orientalis
  • Blood of Ares: Purslane Portulaca Spp.
  • Blood of Hephaistos: Wormwood Artemisia Absinthium
  • Blood of Hestia: Chamomile Anthemis Nobilis
  • Bloodwort: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Bloody Butcher: Valerian Valeriana Officinalis
  • Bloody Fingers: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Blue Balm: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Blue Bottle: Bachelor’s Buttons Centaurea Cyanus
  • Bockshornklee: Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
  • Bockshornsame: Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
  • Bo’ Hog Root: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Bois de Virginie: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Bore Tree: Elder Sambucus Nigra
  • Boy’s Love: Southernwood Artemisia Abrotanum
  • Brain Thief: Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Brandy Mint: Peppermint Mentha x piperita
  • Bread and Cheese Tree: Hawthorne Crataegus oxyacantha
  • Bride of the Meadow: Meadowsweet Eupatorium Purpureum
  • Bride of the Sun: Calendula Calendula Officinalis
  • British Tobacco: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Brown Dragon: Wake Robin Arisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
  • Buck’s Wort: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Bull’s Blood: Horehound Marrubium Vulgare
  • Bull’s Foot: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Bull’s Semen: Egg of a Blister Beetle beetles (Coleoptera) of the family Meloidae
  • Burning Bush: White Dittany Dictamnus albus
  • Burrseed: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Buttons: Tansy Tanacetum Vulgare

C

  • Calf’s Snout: Snapdragon Antirrhinum Magus
  • Camamyle: Camomile Anthemis nobilis
  • Candelmas Maiden: Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis
  • Candlewick Plant: Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Cape Gum: Acacia Acacia senegal
  • Capon’s Tail: Valerian Valeriana Officinalis
  • Carpenter’s Herb: Sweet Bugle Lycopus Virginicus
  • Carpenter’s Square: Knotted Figwort Scrophularia nodosa
  • Carpenter’s Weed: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Cassie Flower: Acacia  Acacia senegal
  • Cat: Catnip Nepta Cataria
  • Catechu: Acacia Acacia senegal
  • Cat’s Foot: White Balsam Gnaphalium polycephalum -or- Canada Snake Root Asarum Canadensis -or- Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Cat’s Herb: Valerian Valeriana Officinalis
  • Cat’s Wort: Catnip Nepeta cataria
  • Cedro de Virginia: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Cedro Rojo: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Chamaimelon: Camomile Anthemis nobilis
  • Chameleon Star: Bromeliad Vriesia, Billbergia, Aechmae, Annanas, Bromelia, Guzmania, Cryptanthus, Neoreglia spps
  • Cheeses: Marsh Mallow Althaea Officinalis
  • Christ’s Eye: Vervain Sage Salvia Verbenaca
  • Christ’s Ladder: Centaury Erythraea Centaurium
  • Christ’s Spear: Adder’s Tongue Fern Ophioglossum Vulgatum
  • Christ’s Thorn: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Church Steeples: Agrimony Agrimonia Eupatoria, Agrimonia Gyposepala
  • Chocolate Flower: Wild Geranium Geranium manculatum
  • Clear Eye: Clary Sage Salvia sclarea
  • Cleavers: Bedstraw Galium Verum, G. Triforum
  • Click: Goosegrass Galium aparine
  • Clot: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Bardana: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Clot: Allspice Pimenta dioica
  • Clotburr: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Cocklebur: Agrimony Agrimonia Eupatoria, Agrimonia Gyposepala – or – Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Colt’s Tail: Canadian Fleabane Erigeron Canadense
  • Corn Mint: Peppermint Mentha x piperita
  • Corpse Plant: Indian Pipe Monotropa Uniflora
  • Coughwort: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Cuddy’s Lungs: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Crane’s Bill: Wild Geranium Geraniaum Maculatum
  • Creeping Charlie: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Crocodile Dung: Ethiopian Soil
  • Crowdy Kit: Figwort Scrophularia nodosa
  • Crow Foot: Wild Geranium Geraniaum Maculatum -or- Wood Anemone Anemone Nemorosa
  • Crown for a King: Wormwood Artemisia Absinthium
  • Cuckoo’s Bread: Common Plantain Plantago major
  • Cucumber Tree: Magnolia Magnolia acuminata
  • Cure-All: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis

D

  • Dagger Flower: Blue Flag Iris versicolor
  • Daphne: Laurel/Bay Laurus nobilis
  • Dead Man’s Bells: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Death Angel: Agaric Amanita Muscaria
  • Death Cap: Agaric Amanita Muscaria
  • Death Flower: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Death’s Herb: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Delight of the Eye: Rowan Sorbus Spp.
  • Devil Plant: Sweet Basil Ocimum Basilicum
  • Devil’s Apple: Mayapple Podophyllum peltaltum -or- Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Devil’s Beard: Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
  • Devil’s Bit: False Unicorn Root Chamaelirium luteum
  • Devil’s Cherries: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Devils Dung: Asafoetida Ferula Foetida
  • Devil’s Ear: Wake Robin Arisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
  • Devil’s Eye: Henbane Hyoscyamus Niger -or- Periwinkle Vinca major, Vinca minor
  • Devil’s Flower: Bachelor’s Buttons Centaurea cyanus
  • Devil’s Fuge: Mistletoe Viscum Album
  • Devil’s Guts: Dodder Cuscuta Europaea
  • Devil’s Herb: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Devil’s Milk: Celandine Chelidonium Majus
  • Devil’s Nettle: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Devil’s Plaything: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Devil’s Shoestring: Black Haw Vibrunum Prunifolium -or- Cramp Bark Viburnum opulus -or- Hobblebush Viburnum alnifolium -or- North American Goat’s Rue Tephrosia virginiana
  • Dew of the Sea: Rosemary Rosemarinus Officinalis
  • Dogberry: Brier Hips Rosa Canina
  • Dog’s Mouth: Snap Dragon Antirrhinum Magus
  • Dog’s Tongue: Houndstongue Cynoglossum officinale
  • Dove’s Foot: Wild Geranium Geraniaum Maculatum
  • Dragon: Tarragon Artemisia Dracunculus
  • Dragon Flower: Blue Flag Iris versicolor
  • Dragon Wort: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Dragon’s Blood: Calamus Acorus calamus
  • Dragon’s Teeth: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Dropsy Plant: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Drunkard: Calendula Calendula Officinalis
  • Duck’s Foot: Mayapple Podophyllum peltaltum
  • Dulcamara: Woody Nightshade Celastrus scandens
  • Dwale: Deadly Nightshade Atropa Belladonna
  • Dyeberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus

E

  • Eagle: Wild Garlic Allium sativum
  • Eardrops: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria
  • Earth Smoke: Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
  • Earth Star: Bromeliad Vriesia, Billbergia, Aechmae, Annanas, Bromelia, Guzmania, Cryptanthus, Neoreglia spps
  • Easter Giant: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Eerie: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Egyptian Thorn: Gum Arabic Acacia senegal
  • Egyptian Gum: Gum Arabic Acacia Senegal, A. Vera
  • Eldrum: Elder Sambucus Nigra
  • Elf Dock: Elecampane Inula Helenium
  • Elf Leaf: Lavender Lavendula officinale or L. vera -or- Rosemary Rosemarinus Officinalis
  • Elf’s Wort: Elecampane Inula Helenium
  • Ellhorn: Elder Sambucus Nigra
  • Elven: Common Elm Ulmus Campestris
  • Enchanter’s Plant: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Enebro: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Enebro de Virginia: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • English Serpentary: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Englishman’s Foot: Common Plantain Plantago major
  • Erba Santa Maria: Spearmint Mentha suaveolens
  • Everlasting Friendship: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Exile Tree: Be-Still Thevetia nereifolia
  • Eye of Christ: Germander Speedwell -or- Aster Asteraceae
  • Eye of Newt: A type of mustard seed with a black spot Cruciferae; Brassica
  • Eye of the Day: Common Daisy Bellis Perennis
  • Eye of the Star: White Horehound Marrubium Vulgare
  • Eye Root: Goldenseal Hydrastis Canadensis
  • Eyes: Any “eye” flowers such as daisies, bachelor’s buttons, horehound, aster, eyebright, etc.

F

  • Fairy Bells: Wood Sorrel Oxalis Acetosella
  • Fairy Candles: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria
  • Fairy Caps: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Fairy Cup: Cowslip Primula Veris
  • Fairy Cups: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Fairy Smoke: Indian Pipe Monotropa Uniflora
  • Fairy Thimbles: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Fairy Wand: Devil’s bit Chamaelirium luteum -or- False Unicorn Root Chamaelirium luteum
  • Fairy’s Eggs: Nutmeg Myristica fragrans
  • Fairy’s Glove: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Fat from a Head: Spurge Euphorbia spp.
  • Felon Herb: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Felonwood: Woody Nightshade Celastrus scandens
  • Felonwort: Celandine Chelidonium Majus -or- Woody Nightshade Celastrus scandens
  • Field Balm: Catnip Nepeta cataria -or- Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Field Hops: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Fieldhove: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Field Mint: Peppermint Mentha x piperita
  • Five Fingers Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis -or- Cinquefoil Potentilla Reptans, Potentilla Erecta
  • Flesh and Blood: Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis
  • Flor de la sangre: Nasturtium Tropacolum majus
  • Flower of Death: Periwinkle Vinca major, Vinca minor
  • Flower of Flowers: Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata
  • Flower of Immortality: Wild Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus
  • Foal’s foot: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Foalswort: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Folk’s Glove: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Food of the Gods: Asafoetida Ferula Foetida
  • Foxes’ Claws: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Fox’s Clote: Burdock Arctium Lappa
  • Friar’s Cap: Aconite Aconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
  • Friar’s Cowl: Wake Robin Arisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
  • Frog’s Foot: Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus spp.
  • Frost Flowers: Aster Asteraceae
  • From the Belly: Earth-apple / Potato Solanum tuberosum
  • From the Foot: Houseleek. Sempervivum tectorum
  • From the Loins: Chamomile Anthemis Nobilis
  • Fruit of the Gods: Apple Pyrus Spp, Malus spp.
  • Fruit of the Underworld: Apple Pyrus Spp, Malus spp.

G

  • Gall of Goat: Honeysuckle Lonicera Spp. -or- St. John’s Wort Hypericum perforatum
  • Gallows: Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Gemeiner Wachholder: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Genévrier: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Genévrier de Virginie: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Genévrier Rouge: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Genista: Broom Cytisus scoparius
  • Ghost Flower: Indian Pipe Monotropa Uniflora
  • Ghost Pipe: Indian Pipe Monotropa Uniflora
  • Gill-by-the-ground: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Gill-over-the-ground: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Gilliflower: Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus
  • Ginepro: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Goat’s Foot: Ash Weed Aegopodium podagraria
  • Goat’s Leaf: Honeysuckle Lonicera Spp.
  • God’s Hair: Hart’s Tongue Fern Scolopendrium Vulgare
  • Golden Bough: Mistletoe Viscum Album
  • Golden Star or Goldy Star: Avens Geum
  • Good Luck Plant: Solomon’s Seal Polygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
  • Goose Bill: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Goose Tongue: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Gosling Wing: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Gout Weed: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Grains of Paradise: Cardamom Elettaria cardamom
  • Granny’s Bonnet: Columbine Leaves Aquilegia Vulgaris, Aquilegia canadensis
  • Gravelroot: Meadowsweet Eupatorium purpureum
  • Graveyard Dust: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Grave Yard Tree: Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Great Ox-eye: Ox-eye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
  • Greek Clover: Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
  • Greek Hay: Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
  • Ground Apple: Camomile Anthemis nobilis
  • Gypsy Herb: Sweet Bugle Lycopus Virginicus

H

  • Hag’s Taper: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Hagthorn: Hawthorn Crataegus crusgalli
  • Hair of Venus: True Maidenhair Fern Adiantum Capillus-veneris
  • Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Seed Peucedanum graveolens
  • Hallfoot: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Happy Major: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Hardock: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Hare’s Beard: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Hart’s Thorn: Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica
  • Hawk’s Heart: Wormwood Heart Artemisia Absinthium
  • Hay-maidens: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Haymaid: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Heart Leaf: Liverwort Anemone hepatica, Peltigera canina
  • Heart of Osmund: Royal Fern Osmunda regalis
  • Heart’s Ease: Violet Viola odorata
  • Hedgemaids: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria -or-Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Hell Root: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Hellweed: Dodder Cuscuta Europaea
  • Herb of Angels: Angelica Angelica archangelica
  • Herb of Circe: Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Herb of Enchantment: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Herb of Grace; Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis -or- Rue Ruta Graveolens
  • Herb of Mary: Pimpernel Anagallis Arvensis, Pimpinella spp.
  • Herb of the Cross: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Herb Trinity: Liverwort Anemone hepatica, Peltigera canina
  • Herbe Militaria: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Hind Heal: Tansy Tanacetum Vulgare
  • Hind’s Tongue: Hart’s Tongue Fern Scolopendrium Vulgare
  • Hog’s Bean: Henbane Hyoscyamus Niger
  • Holm Chaste: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Holy Grass: Sweetgrass Hierochloe odorata
  • Holy Herb: Yerba Santa Eryodictyon californicum -or- Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Holy Rope: Hemp (Agrimony) Eupatorium cannabinu
  • Holy Tree: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Honey Plant: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Honeystalks: Clover Trifolium
  • Hook and Arn: Yerba Santa Eryodictyon californicum
  • Horny Goat Weed: Common Polypody Fern Polypodium Vulgare
  • Horse Foot: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Horse Heal: Spikenard Inula Conyza
  • Horse Hoof: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Horse Tongue: Hart’s Tongue Fern Scolopendrium Vulgare
  • Hulm: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Hulver Bush: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Hundred Eyes: Periwinkle Vinca major, Vinca minor
  • Hurrburr: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Hurtleberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Hurtlesickle: Bachelor’s Buttons Centaurea Cyanus
  • Hurts: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus

I

  • Ibis Bone Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica
  • Indian cress: Nasturtium Tropacolum majus
  • Indian Elm: Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra
  • Indian God Tree: Banyan Ficus Benghalensis
  • Innocence: Bluets Houstonia Caerulea
  • Italian Parsley: Lovage Levisticum officinale

J

  • Jack-Jump-About: Betony Stachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
  • Jacob’s Ladder: Celandine Chelidonium Majus -or- Lily of the valley Convallaria Magalis
  • Jacob’s Staff: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Jacob’s Tear: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Jamaica Pepper: Allspice Pimenta dioica
  • Japanese Mint: Peppermint Mentha x piperita
  • Jenny Run By The Ground: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Jesuit’s Bark; Cinchona Cinchona pubescens
  • Joe Pye Weed: Meadowsweet Eupatorium purpureum
  • John the Conqueror: Galangal Root Alpinia Officianarum, Alpina officinalis, A. galanga
  • Jove’s Flower: Carnation Dianthus spp.
  • Joy of the Mountain: Sweet Marjoram Origanum Marjorana
  • Joy on the Ground: Periwinkle Vinca major, Vinca minor
  • Juno’s Tears: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Jupiter’s Bean: Henbane Hyoscyamus Niger
  • Jupiter’s Beard: Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
  • Jupiter’s Nut: Walnut Juglans Species
  • Jupiter’s Staff: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus

K

  • Kerm-Oak: Holly Ilex Aquifolium
  • Key of Heaven: Cowslip Primula Veris
  • King Root: Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis
  • King’s Clover: Melilot Melilotus officinalis, Melilotus alba, Melilotus arvensis
  • King’s Crown: Black Haw Vibrunum Prunifolium
  • Kitten’s Breeches: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria
  • Knight’s Milfoil: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Kronos’ Blood: Sap of the Cedar Tree Thuja occidentalis, Thuja orientalis, Biota orientalis, Thuja articulata,Cupressus thujoides, Juniperus virginiana, Cedrus libani, Cedrela odorata, Libocedrus bidwillii, and many more.
  • Kurundu: Allspice Pimenta dioica

L

  • Ladder to Heaven: Lily of the valley Convallaria Magalis
  • Ladies’ Meat: Hawthorn Crataegus Oxycantha
  • Ladies’ Seal: White Bryony / English Mandrake Bryonia dioica
  • Lad’s Love: Southernwood Artemisia Abrotanum
  • Lady Bleeding: Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus
  • Lady of the Meadow: Meadowsweet Eupatorium Purpureum
  • Lady of the Woods: Birch Betula Lenta
  • Lady’s Cap: Cowslip Primula Veris
  • Lady’s Foxglove: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Lady’s Glove: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Lady’s Seal: Bryony Bryonia alba
  • Lady’s Smock: Cuckoo Flower Cardamine pratensis
  • Lamb’s Ears: Betony Stachys Officinalis, Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Betonica
  • Laurier Sauce: Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis 
  • Lavose: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Lily Constancy: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Link: Broom Cytisus scoparius
  • Lion’s Foot: Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla Vulgaris
  • Lion’s Hair: Leaves of a Turnip’s taproot Brassica rapa
  • Leopard’s Bane: Arnica Amica Montana
  • Lion’s Herb: Columbine Leaves Aquilegia Vulgaris, Aquilegia canadensis
  • Lion’s Tooth: Dandelion Taraxacum Officinale
  • Little Dragon: Tarragon Artemisia Dracunculus
  • Little Faces: Violet Viola odorata
  • Little Feather: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Little Queen: Meadowsweet Eupatorium Purpureum 
  • Little Maybells: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Lizzy Run Up The Hedge: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Llagas de Cristo: Nasturtium Tropacolum majus
  • Lizard’s Leg: Creeping plants such as Ivy
  • Lords and Ladies: Wake Robin Arisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
  • Lousewort: Betony Stachys officinalis
  • Love in Idleness: Pansy Viola tricolor
  • Love Leaf: Damiana Turnera Aphrodisiaca, Turnera diffusa
  • Love Leaves: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Love Lies Bleeding: Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus -or- Anemone Anemone Pulsatilla
  • Love Man: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Love Parsley: Lovage Levisticum Officinale
  • Love Root: Lovage Levisticum Officinale -or- Orris Root Iris florentina
  • Love-In-Idleness: Pansy Viola tricolor
  • Low John: Galangal Root Alpinia Officianarum, Alpina officinalis, A. galanga
  • Low John the Conqueror: Galangal Root Alpinia Officianarum, Alpina officinalis, A. galanga
  • Lubestico: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Lucky Hand: Male Fern Dryopteris Felix-mas
  • Lucky Hand Root: Lucky Hand Orchid / Salep Orchid Orchis latifolia
  • Lucky Nut: Be-Still Thevetia nereifolia
  • Lurk-in-the-Ditch: Pennyroyal Mentha Pulegium

M

  • Mad Root: White Bryony / English Mandrake Bryonia dioica
  • Madwort: Alyssum Alyssum Spp
  • Maiden Hair: True Maidenhair Fern Adiantum Capillus-veneris
  • Maiden’s Gum: Common Elm Ulmus Campestris
  • Maiden’s Ruin: Southernwood Artemisia Abrotanum
  • Maiden’s Smallage: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Maid’s Hair: Lady’s Bedstraw Galium verum 
  • Male Lily: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Mallards: Marsh Mallow Althaea officinalis
  • Mangold: Beet Beta Vulgaris
  • Man’s Bile: Turnip Sap Brassica rapa
  • Man’s Health: Ginseng Panax quinquefolium 
  • Mary’s Tears: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Master of the Woods: Woodruff Asperula odorata
  • Masterwort: Angelica Angelica archangelica
  • Mauls: Marsh Mallow Althaea officinalis
  • May: Black Haw Viburnum prunifolum 
  • May Bells: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • May Lily: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Maypops: Passion Flower Passiflora incarnata
  • May Rose: Black Haw Viburnum prunifolum
  • Mecca Balsam: Balm of Gilead Populus candicans
  • Megweed: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Meliroot: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Melmont: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Meu: Spignel / Bald Money Meum athamanticum
  • Mew: Spignel / Bald Money Meum athamanticum
  • Michaelmas Daisies: Aster Asteraceae
  • Miracle of Nature: Century Plant / Maguey Agave americana
  • Mistress of the Night: Tuberose Polianthes tuberosa
  • Monks Cress: Nasturtium Tropacolum majus
  • Monk’s Head: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria
  • Monk’s Hood: Aconite Aconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
  • Moose Elm: Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra
  • Mortification Root: Althea Althaea Officinalis
  • Mother of the Herbs: Rue Ruta Graveolens
  • Mother of the Wood: Blackthorn Prunus Spinosa
  • Mother’s Heart: Shepherd’s Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris 
  • Muguet: Lily of the Valley Convallaria magalis
  • Musk of the Wood: Woodruff Asperula odorata
  • Mutton Chops: Goosegrass Galium Aparine

N

  • Naughty Man: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Naughty Man’s Cherries: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Nelka: Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus
  • Nion: Ash Fraxinus excelsior or F. americana
  • Noah’s Ark: Ladies’ Slipper Cypripedium pubescens, Cyprepedium parviflorum
  • Nose Bleed: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Nose of Turtle: Turtle’s Cap / Balmony Chelone Glabra

O

  • Old Gal: Elder Bark Sambucus Nigra
  • Old Lady: Elder Bark Sambucus Nigra
  • Old Maid’s Nightcap: Wild Geranium Geraniaum Maculatum
  • Old Man: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Old Man’s Flannel: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Old Man’s Mustard: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Old Man’s Pepper: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Old Uncle Henry: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Old Woman: Wormwood Artemisia Absinthium
  • Oliver: Olive Olea europaea
  • Osmund the Waterman: Royal Fern Osmunda regalis
  • Osterick: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Our Herb: Basil Oncimum basilicum
  • Our Lady’s Flannel: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Our Lady’s Tears: Lily of the Valley Convallaria Magalis

P

  • Palma Christi: Castor Ricinus communis
  • Passions: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Password: Primrose Primula Vulgaris
  • Patience Dock: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Pencil Cedar: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Personata: Burdock Arctium lappa
  • Peter’s Staff: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Physician’s Bone: Sandstone
  • Pidgeon’s Grass: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Pigeon Berry: Poke Root Phytolacca decandra
  • Pidgeonwood: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Pig’s Tail: Leopard’s Bane / Arnica Amica Montana
  • Pipe Tree: Elder Sambucus Nigra
  • Piss Elm: Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra
  • Pitchforks: Beggar’s Tick Bidens pilosa
  • Plague Flower: Butterbur Petasites Vulgaris, Tussilago Petasites
  • Plumajillo: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Poor Man’s Meat: Bean Phaseolus Spp.
  • Poor Man’s Treacle: Garlic Allium sativum
  • Pot Herb of Alexandria: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Priest’s Crown: Dandelion Leaves Taraxacum Officinale
  • Priest’s Pintle: Wake Robin Arisaema Triphyllum, Arum spp.
  • Prince’s Feather: Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus
  • Princess Feather: Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus
  • Pucha-pat: Patchouli Pogostemon cablin Benth
  • Purple Medic: Alfalfa Medicago Saliva

Q

  • Quaker’s Bonnet: Lupine Lupinus polyphyllus
  • Queen of the Meadow: Meadowsweet Eupatorium Purpureum
  • Queen of the Night: Vanilla Cactus Cereus Grandiflorus
  • Queen’s Delight: Queensroot Stillingia sylvatica

R

  • Racoon Berry: Mayapple Podophyllum peltaltum
  • Ram’s Head: American Valerian / Ladies’ Slipper Cypripedium pubescens, Cyprepedium parviflorum
  • Ram’s Thorn: Common Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica
  • Rat Root: Calamus Root Acorus calamus
  • Red Cockscomb: Amaranth Amaranthus Hypochondriacus
  • Red Cole: Horseradish Armoracia rusticana
  • Red Elm: Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra
  • Red Legs: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Red Robin: Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare
  • Red Savin: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Red Stick: Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
  • Resurrection Plant: Rose of Jericho Anastatica hierochuntica
  • Ring-o-bells: Bluebells Scilla Nutans, Scilla non-scripta, Hyacinthoides non-scripta
  • Robin-Run-in-the-Grass: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Robin-Run-in-the-Hedge: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Root of the Holy Ghost: Angelica Angelica archangelica)
  • Run Away Robin: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea

S

  • Samh: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Sanguinary: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Satan’s Apples: Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Savin: Juniper Juniperus communis
  • Scabweed: Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
  • Scaldhead: Blackberry Rubus Fructicosus
  • Scale of Dragon: Tarragon Artemisia Dracunculus
  • Schloss Tea: Marsh Mallow Althaea officinalis
  • Sea Dew: Rosemary Rosemarinus Officinalis
  • Sea Parsley: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Sea Spirit: Bladderwrack Fucus Vesiculosis
  • Seal Root: Solomon’s Seal Polygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
  • See Bright: Clary Sage Salvia Sclarea
  • Seed of Horus: White Horehound Marrubium Vulgare
  • Semen of Ammon: Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
  • Semen of Ares: Clover Medicago Sativa
  • Semen of Helios: White Hellebore Veratrum, album
  • Semen of Hephaistos: Fleabane Erigeron annuus, Erigeron strigosus
  • Semen of Herakles: Mustard Rocket / Arrugula Eruca sativa
  • Semen of Hermes: Dill Peucedanum graveolens
  • Serpent’s Tongue: Dog’s Tooth Violet Erythronium Americanum
  • Seven Year’s Love: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Shameface: Wild Geranium Geraniaum Maculatum
  • Shepherd’s Heart: Shepherd’s Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris
  • Silver Bells: Black Haw Vibrunum Prunifolium
  • Silver Branch: Apple Pyrus Spp, Malus spp.
  • Silver Bough: Apple Pyrus Spp, Malus spp.
  • Simpler’s Joy: Vervain Verbena officinalis
  • Skeet: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Skit: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Sleep Wort: Lettuce Lactuca, sativa
  • Smallage: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Smellage: Lovage Levisticum officinale
  • Snake Grape: White Bryony -or- English Mandrake Bryonia dioica
  • Snake Head: Balmony Chelone Glabra
  • Snake Lily: Blue Flag Iris versicolor
  • Snakeberry: Woody Nightshade Celastrus scandens
  • Snake’s Ball of Thread: Soapstone steatite
  • Snake’s Grass: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Snake’s Head: Leech Hirudo medicinalis
  • Snakeweed: Bistort Polygonum Bistorta
  • Snowbells: Benzoin Styrax Benzoin
  • Soapwort: Daisy Bellis Perennis -or- Comfrey Symphytum Officinale
  • Soldier’s Cap: Dutchman’s Breeches Dicentra cucullaria
  • Soldier’s Wound Wort: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Son-Before-the-Father: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Sorcerer’s Berry: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Sorcerer’s Root: Mandrake Atropa Mandragora
  • Sorcerer’s Violet: Periwinkle Vinca major, Vinca minor
  • Sparrow’s Tongue: Knotweed Polygonum aviculare
  • Spicknel: Spignel / Bald Money Meum athamanticum
  • St. Bennet’s Herb: Hemlock Conium Maculatum
  • St. James’ Wort: Ragwort Senecio jacobaea
  • St. John’s Plant: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • St. John’s Herb: Hemp / Agrimony (this is not St. John’s Wort) Agrimonia Eupatoria
  • St. Joseph’s Wort: Sweet Basil Ocimum Basilicum
  • St. George’s Herb: Valerian Valeriana Officinalis
  • St. Mary’s Seal: Solomon’s Seal Polygonatum Multiflorum, Polygonatum Commutatum, Polygonatum Biflorum
  • Stanmarch: Alexanders / Horse Parsley Smyrnium olusatrum
  • Stand-Up Herb: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Stand Up Wort: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Star Flower: Borage Borago Officinalis
  • Star of the Earth: Avens Geum urbanum
  • Starweed: Chickweed Stellaria Media
  • Starwort: Aster Callistephus chinesis
  • Staunchweed: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Stingnose: Horseradish Armoracia rusticana
  • Stud wort: Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce
  • Summer’s Bride: Calendula Calendula Officinalis
  • Swallow Herb: Celadine Chelidonium majus
  • Swallowwort: Celadine Chelidonium majus
  • Sweet Balm: Lemon Balm Melissa Officinalis
  • Sweet Mary: Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
  • Sweet Weed: Marsh Mallow Althaea officinalis
  • Sweethearts: Goosegrass Galium Aparine
  • Swine’s Snout: Dandelion leaves Taraxacum Officinale

T

  • Taco de reina: Nasturtium Tropacolum majus
  • Tallow Shrub: Bayberry Myrica cerifera
  • Tamus: Bryony Bryonia alba
  • Tanner’s Bark: Common Oak Quercus, robur
  • Tartar Root: Ginseng Panax quinquefolium
  • Tash plant: Coltsfoot Tussilago Farfara
  • Tear Grass: Job’s Tears coix lachryma jobi
  • Tears of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Juice Peucedanum graveolens
  • Tetterberry: Bryony Bryonia alba
  • Thor’s Helper: Rowan Sorbus Spp.
  • Thousand Seal: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Thousand Weed: Yarrow Achillea Millefolium
  • Three-leafed Grass: Clover Trifolium
  • Thunderbesom: Mistletoe Viscum Album
  • Thunder Plant: Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum
  • Tiger’s Chaundron; Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla Vulgaris
  • Titan’s Blood: Wild Lettuce Lactuca virosa
  • Toad: Toadflax Comandra Umbellata
  • Toad Shade: Trillium Trillium Species
  • Toad Bastard: Toadflax Comandra Umbellata
  • Toe of Frog; Buttercup Ranunculus Acris
  • Tongue of Dog: Houndstongue Cynoglossum officinale
  • Tooth of Wolf: Leaf of Wolfsbane Aconitum Napellus, Agrimonia eupatoria
  • Torches: Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Trackleberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Tree of Chastity: Hawthorn Crataegus Oxycantha
  • Tree of Doom: Elder Sambucus Nigra
  • Tree of Enchantment: White Willow Salix Alba
  • Tree of Life: Yellow Cedar Thuja occidentalis
  • Tree of Love: Apple Pyrus Spp, Malus spp.
  • True Love: Bethroot Trillium Species
  • Tunhoof: Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea
  • Turtle Head: Balmony Chelone Glabra

U

  • Unicorn Horn: True Unicorn Root Aletris Farinosa -or- False Unicorn Helonias Dioica
  • Unicorn Root: Boneset Eupatorium Perfoliatum -or- Ague Root / Star Grass Aletris farinosa
  • Unshoe-the-Horse: Moonwort Fern Botrychium Lunaria

V

  • Van Van: Blue Vervain Verbena Officinalis
  • Vandal Root: Valerian Valeriana officinalis
  • Vapor: Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
  • Velvetback: Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Velvet Plant: Mullein Verbascum thapsus
  • Virgin Mary’s Nest: Nutmeg Myristica fragrans

W

  • Wachsgagle: Bayberry Myrica cerifera
  • Wallwort: Comfrey Symphytum officinale
  • Water Dragon: Marsh Marigold Caltha Palustris
  • Waxberry: Myrtle Myrica cerifera or Myrtus communis
  • Wax Dolls: Fumitory Fumaria officinalis
  • Weazel Snout: Yellow Dead Nettles/Yellow Archangel Lamium Galeobdolon
  • Weed: Ox-Eye Daisy Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum
  • Whig Plant: Camomile Anthemis nobilis
  • Whinberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • White: Ox-eye Daisy Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum
  • White Man’s Foot: Common Plantain Plantago major
  • White Wood: White Cinnamon Canella, alba
  • Whitty: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Whortleberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Whorts: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Wicken Tree: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Wiggin Ran Tree: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Wiggy: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Wiky: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Wild Lemon: European Mandrake Mandragor officinarum
  • Wild Vine: Bryony Bryonia alba
  • Windflower: Anemone Anemone pulsalilla
  • Wineberry: Billberry Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Winter Bloom: Witch Hazel Hammamelis virginiana
  • Wintersweet: Marjoram Origanum majorana
  • Witch Bane: Mountain Ash Rowan Sorbus Spp.
  • Witch Grass: Dog Grass Agropyron repens
  • Witch Herb: Mugwort Artemisia Vulgaris
  • Witch Tree: Mountain Ash Rowan Sorbus Spp.
  • Witch Wood: Mountain Ash Rowan Sorbus Spp.
  • Witchen: Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
  • Witches’ Asprin: White Willow Bark Salix Alba
  • Witches’ Bells: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Witches’ Berry: Belladonna Atropa belladonna
  • Witches’ Brier: Brier Hips Rosa Canina
  • Witches’ Gloves: Foxglove Digitalis Purpurea, Digitalis Lanata
  • Witches’ Herb: Sweet Basil Ocimum Basilicum
  • Witches’ Weed: Cinquefoil Potentilla Reptans, Potentilla Erecta
  • Withe: Willow Salix alba
  • Withy: Willow Salix alba
  • Wolf Claw: Club Moss Lycopodiella alopecuroides
  • Wolf Foot: Sweet Bugle Lycopus Virginicus
  • Wolf Grape: Woody Nightshade Celastrus scandens
  • Wolf’s Herb: Valerian Valeriana Officinalis
  • Wolf’s Milk: Euphorbia Euphorbia spp.
  • Womandrake: European Mandrake Mandragor officinarum
  • Woodbine: Honeysuckle Lonicera caprifolium
  • Wool of Bat: Holly leaves Ilex Aquifolium
  • Wound Wort: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Wymote: Marsh Mallow Althaea officinalis

Y

  • Yakori Bengestro: Elder Sambucus canadensis
  • Yalluc: Comfrey Symphytum officinale
  • Yarroway: Yarrow Achillea millefolium
  • Yellow Avens: Avens Geum urbanum
  • Yerba Buena: Peppermint Mentha x piperita
  • Yerba Louisa: Lemon Verbena Lippia citriodora
  • Yn-leac: Onion Allium cepa
  • Ysopo: Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis
“Magic is only unexplained science. Science is explained magic. When I study science, I study magic. When I study magic, I study science.” ― C. JoyBell C.
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Do not use any ingredient if you are allergic to it. There is always something else that can be used, or substituted.
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